History of Northern Cyprus
< span style="">If you are planning to live in Northern Cyprus, visit this island or invest in the Northern Cyprus real estate market, you may be wondering about various information about this place. Besides the culture, economy and opportunities of this island, the history of Northern Cyprus may also interest you. The history of Cyprus, which is among the largest of the islands in the Mediterranean, dates back to ancient times. Therefore, there is a lot of information that can be learned about this subject. On this page, you can find a lot of important information about the island of Cyprus and the TRNC in general.
First of all, it has been different for a long time. The history of Cyprus, an island inhabited by people from cultures, dates back thousands of years. Hunter-gatherer communities lived on the island in the prehistoric times. Later on, various civilizations have existed on the island throughout history. has been part of it. In the years following the Cyprus Peace Operation in 1974, the island was; It is divided into the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in the north and the Greek Cypriot Administration in the south. You can continue reading our article to learn about the history of Northern Cyprus in more detail.
Prehistory and Antiquity
First of all, we need to mention that the Cyprus root ; It is an island with a history, located in a humid position in the Mediterranean. The third largest in the Mediterranean after Sicily and Sardinia Islands; Even in the prehistoric period, communities lived on Cyprus, which is an island. With the archaeological remains left behind by these communities, M.Ö. It has been understood that hunter-gatherers lived in the region even in 10,000 BC. In the following period, approximately M. Settled communities in 8200 also lived in the region.
Bronze Network (M.Ö. 3000 – M.Ö. 1000) and Bronze Network (M. Ouml; 1200 – M. Ouml; 1150) Mycenaean Civilization continued its existence in the region. In addition, Cyprus in the Ancient Period was a part of many empires. M.Ö Colonies were established in the region by the Phoenicians around the year 1000.
Cyprus, which later became a part of the New Assyrian Empire for a while It was also ruled by the Egyptian Civilization and the Persian Empire at different times. Besides, Cyprus, M.Ö. 356 and M.Ö. It is one of the places that Alexander the Great, who lived between 323 BC, conquered during his campaigns against the Persians. In short, the history of Cyprus has been very turbulent during the Ancient Period.
< span style="">Roman Period and Middle &Cedil;net
Cyprus Island M.Ö. It was captured by Alexander the Great in 332 after a 7-month siege and became a part of the Macedonian Empire. But the life of this empire It was not very long and it was divided together with the death of Alexander the Great. As a result, Cyprus became a part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt. Meanwhile, another civilization that is being strengthened in the region appears before us as Rome. M.Ö. In 58, Cyprus became a part of Rome.
During the Roman Empire period, Cyprus was an important place in terms of trade. In addition, roads were built in the region and the island's economy developed. In addition, art and culture advanced in this period, and the island gained economic and cultural importance.
Roman Empire During its period, Cyprus became one of the leading places in copper production. Later, after the division of the Roman Empire into two, Cyprus became a part of the Eastern Roman Empire. It was captured by the English King Richard I during the Crusades.The island to which it is located came under Venetian control in the 15th century.
Ottoman and United Kingdom Periods
Cyprus, which was under the rule of Venice in 1489, was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1570. During the Ottoman period, some important changes took place in Cyprus. Among them is the abolition of the feudal order that existed on the island before. In addition, many people from Anatolia were sent to the island in order to increase the number of Muslim Turks in Cyprus.
With the studies carried out, the people, who are in a low position on the island, had the chance to play a more active role in the economy. In addition, while under the control of the Ottoman Empire, there was a development in the field of trade in the region.
Centuries on the island of Cyprus. Following the ongoing Ottoman rule, with the Treaty of Berlin signed as a result of the 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian War, Cyprus came under the control of the British Empire. Therefore, from 1878 to 1960, Cyprus was under British control. After the period when Cyprus was under British rule, for a short time, a common state administration, in which the Turks were in the minority, was implemented.
Modern Era History of Northern Cyprus
After the independence of the Island of Cyprus from England in 1960, the Turkish Cypriots had a difficult time. These difficulties are not only economic but also related to the violence of the Turkish minority on the island. Violence increased, especially between 1963-64.
In 1974, the Greek military junta, with the aim of making the island a part of Greece, He carried out a military coup in Cyprus. Right after this military coup, Turkey carried out the Cyprus Peace Operation in order to maintain the constitutional order on the Island of Cyprus. After the operation, the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus was established in 1975 and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was established in 1983. Therefore, this military operation is of great importance for the history of the TRNC.
Today, Northern Cyprus has a population of more than 300,000.